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mar. 27/09/2022 Phylogenetic comparative methods for common typological challenges: With a case study of Pama-Nyungan laminals
14-16h
MSH-LSE, salle Elise Rivet
Conférence de :
  • Jayden Macklin-Cordes (DDL DiLiS)

dans le cadre des séminaires DDL

Lien Zoom:
https://cnrs.zoom.us/j/95961435504?pwd=RDJZWFV0d1AzZGRLUy9hcmdUY1BqUT09
Meeting ID: 959 6143 5504
Passcode: k2hCiP

Phylogenetic comparative methods are shrouded in a little mystery for many linguists. Yet the path that led to their development in biology is so closely paralleled by the methodological history of balanced sampling, that these methods could just as easily have been discovered first by a linguistic typologist. In this talk, I attempt firstly to dispel some of the mystery around phylogenetic comparative methods and highlight their fundamental relationship to matters of enduring concern in linguistic typology. Secondly, I aim to illustrate how linguists can perform essential tasks using phylogenetic methods, easily.

I begin with a methodological overview of linguistic typology and comparative biology, highlighting the historical commonalities between the two fields, and the breakthrough insight that makes phylogenetic comparative methods distinct. This is followed by an overview of some fundamental phylogenetic concepts and tools. Finally, I illustrate these with a typological case study of the laminal contrast in the Pama-Nyungan family (Australia). This talk is accompanied by online interactive materials, demonstrating how phylogenetic comparative methods can be incorporated into everyday typological workflows.


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jeu. 29/09/2022 [Ateliers doctorants] Open Science with Julia Stern
14h-15h30
E. Léger et en ligne

The first PhD workshop of the new academic year will be given by Julia Stern from the University of Bremen. She will talk about the Open Science framework, with a special focus on preregistration and preregistered reports as well as publishing with open access. The workshop will be hybrid; Julia will be joining online, and DDL members have the possibility of joining in the conference room E. Léger.

Meeting ID: 890 8501 4204
Passcode: 346980


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jeu. 06/10/2022 Réunion Interne
Conseil de laboratoire
9h30-12h
MSH-LSE, salle André Frossard

[Note: réunion interne. Seuls sont concernés les 15 membres élus, nommés ou de droit du Conseil de Laboratoire.

Note: internal meeting. Only the 15 elected, appointed or ex-officio members of the Conseil de Laboratoire are concerned.]


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mer. 12/10/2022 Réunion Interne
Réunion de rentrée de l'équipe DiLis
15h-17h
MSH-LSE

Réunion des membres en salle Elise Rivet, suivie d'un gouter.

Join Zoom Meeting
https://cnrs.zoom.us/j/99244108208?pwd=RkVyYWh6d3JLRXVKSC92bm9GM3pjZz09
Meeting ID: 992 4410 8208
Passcode: u0J4Us


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jeu. 20/10/2022 Réunion Interne
Assemblée Générale du laboratoire DDL / General Assembly of DDL laboratory
10h-12h
Salle des colloques, Campus Berges du Rhône
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ven. 21/10/2022 Dynamic Deixis in the expression of motion events: A typological study of Standard Chinese
10h-13h
Amphithéâtre Benveniste, Université Lyon 2 (7 rue Raulin, 69 007 Lyon)
Soutenance de doctorat de : Jinke SONG

This dissertation consists of a typological description of Dynamic Deixis (i.e., a direction along an axis defined by its relation to the deictic center (or viewpoint)) in the expression of motion events in Standard Chinese. It is conducted within the framework of the typology of motion events (Talmy 1985, 2000) and the typology of displacement encoding (Wälchli 2001). The main objective of this dissertation is to examine how Dynamic Deixis is conceptualized and encoded by speakers of Standard Chinese. Furthermore, in light of previous studies that have discussed the relationship between Dynamic Deixis and Path (Koga et al. 2008; Lamarre 2008; Morita 2011; Matsumoto et al. 2017), I also aim to investigate how those two semantic components relate to each other. More specifically, I attempt to explore the similarities and differences between the expression of Dynamic Deixis and that of Path by examining the following three aspects: (1) coding strategies; (2) distribution patterns; and (3) spatial (a)symmetries. The study is based on two types of data: (1) descriptions elicited using two visual tools "Trajectoire" (Ishibashi et al. 2006) and "Put & Take" (Bowerman et al. 2004), and (2) dialogues extracted from two TV series "Married for Ten Years" (2002) and "Loquacious Zhang Damin's Happy Life" (1998). By comparing these two types of data, descriptions and dialogues, and by conducting qualitative and quantitative analyses, this dissertation sheds new light on the encoding of Dynamic Deixis and contributes to a better understanding of how this notion is conceptualized linguistically in Standard Chinese. Moreover, the analysis of the expression of Dynamic Deixis and that of Path shows that, contrary to the typological approach proposed by Talmy (2000), those two semantic components differ significantly from each other in their linguistic realization, and thus supports the idea that they should be treated separately. This research, which represents a first systematic study of the expression of Dynamic Deixis in Standard Chinese, contributes not only to the typological research of this phenomenon in the languages of the world, but also to the knowledge of this field in Sinitic linguistics. It also makes a new theoretical contribution to this field concerning the role of deictic anchoring in human communication.

Key words: (a)symmetry, coding strategy, descriptive data, dialogical data, Dynamic Deixis, Path, pattern of distribution, Standard Chinese

References

Bowerman, M., Gullberg, M., Majid, A., & Narasimhan, B. (2004). Put project : The cross-linguistic encoding of placement events. In A. Majid (Éd.), Field Manual Volume 9 (p. 10‑24). Nijmegen: Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics.

Ishibashi, M., Kopecka, A., & Vuillermet, M. (2006). Trajectoire : Matériel visuel pour élicitation des données linguistiques. Laboratoire Dynamique du Langage, CNRS / Université Lyon 2. Projet de Fédération de recherche en Typologie et Universaux Linguistiques. http://tulquest.huma-num.fr/fr/node/132

Koga, H., Koloskova, Y., Mizuno, M., & Aoki, Y. (2008). Expressions of spatial motion events in English, German, and Russian : With special reference to Japanese. In C. Lamarre, T. Morita, & T. Ohori (Éd.), Typological Studies of the Linguistic Expression of Motion Events, Volume II: The Linguistic Expression of Autonomous Motion in Murakami Haruki’s Norwegian Wood ―― A Contrastive study of Japanese, French, English, Russian, German and Chinese (Vol. 2, p. 13‑44). Tokyo: 21st Century COE Program Center for Evolutionary Cognitive Sciences at the University of Tokyo.

Lamarre, C. (2008). The Linguistic Categorization of Deictic Direction in Chinese : With Reference to Japanese. In D. Xu (Éd.), Space in Languages of China : Cross-linguistic, Synchronic and Diachronic Perspectives (p. 69‑97). Dordrecht: Springer.

Matsumoto, Y., Akita, K., & Takahashi, K. (2017). The functional nature of deictic verbs and the coding patterns of Deixis : An experimental study in English, Japanese, and Thai. In I. Ibarretxe-Antuñano (Éd.), Motion and Space across Languages : Theory and applications (p. 95‑122). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Morita, T. (2011). Intratypological Variations in Motion Events in Japanese and French. Manner and Deixis as Parameters for Cross-Linguistic Comparison. CogniTextes. Revue de l’Association française de linguistique cognitive, 6. (doi: 10.4000/cognitextes.498)

Talmy, L. (1985). Lexicalization patterns : Semantic structure in lexical forms. In T. Shopen (Éd.), Language Typology and Syntactic Description. Vol. III: Grammatical Categories and the Lexicon (p. 57‑149). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Talmy, L. (2000). Toward a Cognitive Semantics. Vol. II: Typology and Process in Concept Structuring. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Wälchli, B. (2001). A typology of displacement (with special reference to Latvian). Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung (STUF), 54(3), 298‑323. (doi: 10.1524/stuf.2001.54.3.298)


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mar. 25/10/2022 Séminaire DiLiS: From typology to areality: mapping American linguistic areas
14-16h
MSH-LSE, salle Frossard (hybride)
Conférence de :
  • Natalia Chousou-Polydouri, David Inman, Marine Vuillermet (Université de Zurich)

dans le cadre DILIS

https://cnrs.zoom.us/j/96151842901?pwd=M2kzMjBUeGZidXpaTTFvNnNxRWJZdz09

Speakers:

Both the large number of new grammars published in the past 20 years and better access to now digitized older literature offer a great opportunity to investigate and re-evaluate linguistic areas in the world. We will present our ongoing project at the University of Zurich, which is part of a larger interdisciplinary project on the peopling and linguistic diversity of the Americas. We use a qualitative and quantitative approach, aiming at discovering linguistic areas by taking into account multiple independent typological features.

Our dataset is based on a fine-grained survey of both well-established and more recently identified typological features with areal potential. It includes a variety of phonological features (e.g. glottalized consonants, tone, syllable structure), as well as morphosyntactic features (e.g. SG-PL verb stem alternation, apprehensional morphology, demonstratives, personal pronouns). Our genetically and geographically balanced language sample covers 215 American languages (117 families and 98 isolates), as well as a global sample of 100 languages for comparison. For the analysis, we use a geographically informed Bayesian clustering approach to detect linguistic areas, while controlling for possible confounding effects due to shared inheritance and universal preference (features being similar due to being globally common).

In this talk we will present the various aspects of the conceptualization of this interdisciplinary project, our approach to data collection and curation, as well as intermediate results.


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jeu. 27/10/2022 Initiation à R (Séance 1/2)
9h30-12h30
MSH-LSE Salle Georges Livet
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jeu. 03/11/2022 Initiation à R (Séance 2/2)
9h30-11h30
MSH-LSE Salle Georges Livet
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