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ISH - Bat C
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69007 Lyon
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lun. 01/06/2015 Réunion Interne
[DENDY] Atelier Méthodes : Système LENA
11h-12h
ISH, salle FROSSARD
Contact...  


jeu. 04/06/2015
> 05/06/2015
Projets ethnobotaniques
10h-17h (jeudi) / 9h-18h (vendredi)
Jeudi AM Inst. P. Gardette / PM ISH (F. Rude)
Vendredi ISH (E. Léger)



Réunions des trois équipes :
Projet Rama,
Projet francoprovençal,
Projet langues d’immigrations (Paroles de potagers).

Programme

4 juin
Projet Rama « plantes utiles des ramas »

10h-12h Présentation du projet, rapports de terrain hiver 2015
- Colette Grinevald : projet de dictionnaire de plantes, extraits de Turkulka
- Jose et Anne Brochier : compte rendu de terrain et de données collectées

Déjeuner

14h-17h (avec pause au milieu) Session de travail
- Plan de travail sur base de données sur plantes utiles des rama
- Planification de la production d’un volume de Turkulka : « dictionnaire des plantes utiles » sur le modèle du dictionnaire de poisson « salpka »

5 juin
Les trois projets


9h-9h30 Projet rama : compte rendu des discussions du 4 juin

9h30-10h30 Présentation Projet francoprovençal : Michel Bert et Bénédicte Pivot

Pause café

11h-12h Projet francoprovençal : état des lieux

Déjeuner

14h-15h Présentation du projet « Paroles de potagers » : Fleur Rodde (Xavier Pagès, Philippe Barbier)

15h-15h30 Etat des lieux

Pause café

16h-18h Coordination des trois projets
Discussion de leur valorisation, exposition etc…


Contact...  


jeu. 04/06/2015 A grammar of Cuwabo (Bantu P34, Mozambique)
14-19
Lyon 2, salle des conférence
Soutenance de doctorat de : Rozenn Guérois
Contact...  


ven. 05/06/2015 Séminaire DTT - Atelier Morphosyntaxe Géraldine WALTHER & Spike GILDEA
14h-16h
ISH

"Syntactic reanalysis, information load, and phonetic reduction in Akawaio(Cariban): I'mənə shrink that /mörö/" In four Cariban languages (Akawaio, Makushi, Ye’kwana, Kari’nja), former pronominal subjects of historical predicate nominal constructions, such as the pronoun ‘mörö’ in Akawaio, still appear but no longer serve as subjects in a newly developed type of contemporary finite main clauses (MC). In fact, within these new constructions, the former pronominal subjects do not seem to carry any semantic meaning at all, and have even become optional. We investigate the properties of MC-‘mörö’ in the broader language system, notably comparing the structure of MCs with that of subordinate clauses (SC). It appears that, apart from the presence of MC-‘mörö’ in MCs and a SC-head in SCs, new MCs and SCs exhibit the exact same structure. MC-‘mörö’ and the postposed SC-heads thus stand in a neat paradigmatic distribution, allowing for a reinterpretation of MC-‘mörö’ as a simple MC-marker that retains no synchronic pronominal properties. Using the information theoretical concept of information load (Shannon, 1948), we argue that, due to its paradigmatic distribution and additional measurable subphonemic features in MC-‘mörö’’s context, the informativeness of MC-‘mörö’ itself is very low, leading to its apparent optionality.


Contact... En savoir plus…


lun. 08/06/2015 Colette GRINEVALD invitée de l'émission "La tête au carré"
14h-15h
France Inter

Emission "La tête au carré", lundi 8 juin à 14h, sur le métier de linguiste, l'expérience de terrain, la disparition des langues et ses conséquences.
Invités: Colette GRINEVALD, Claude HAGEGE et Nicolas TOURNADRE.


  En savoir plus…


ven. 12/06/2015 Séminaire du laboratoire DDL - Rebecca Grollemund & Koen Bostoen
9h30-12h30
ISH, salle Elise Rivet
Conférence de :
  • Rebecca Grollemund (Université de Reading)
  • Koen Bostoen (Université de Gent)

dans le cadre des séminaires DDL

Conférence de Rebecca Grollemund : Bantu population dispersal throughout Africa shows preference for routes following familiar habitats (9h30-10h45)

The Bantu language family has the largest geographical area of any in Africa, with approximately 240 million speakers divided among 400-600 languages spoken across 27 countries. It is now widely accepted that the Bantu expansion began approximately 5000 years ago, somewhere around the Nigerian-Cameroonian borderland, eventually moving all the way to present day South Africa, but the precise routes and the timings of those routes are still debated.

To investigate these questions, we propose a new phylogenetic classification of Bantu languages. Our study is based on an analysis of 100 words belonging to the basic vocabulary documented in 424 Bantu languages, and covering the entire Bantu-speaking area (zones A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, R and S). We infer the tree using a likelihood model of lexical evolution (allowing different rates of evolution for the words studied) implemented in a Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) approach. We employ ‘relaxed clock’ dating methods, which produce a topology and date estimates for all nodes of the tree.

This approach allows us to obtain the first dated phylogenetic classification of the Bantu languages. Using the tree in conjunction with present day geographical information we infer a novel dispersal route for the Bantu language family showing that the Bantu expansion exploited savannah corridors that opened up through the Congolian rainforest beginning around 4000BP. Our results show that changes of the rainforest favoured the Bantu migration and that the migrating Bantu populations did not follow a ‘random walk’ but showed measureable preferences for following savannah routes.

Conférence de Koen Bostoen : Archaeo-linguistic perspectives on Bantu language and population dynamics in the Lower Congo region of Central-Africa (11h00-12h15)

The wider Lower Congo region of Central-Africa is home to the so-called ‘Kikongo language cluster (KLC)’, a disparate continuum of closely related Bantu languages that spread over large parts of four neighbouring countries, i.e. Angola including Cabinda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Republic of the Congo and Gabon. Recent phylogenetic research has corroborated that this vast language group constitutes a discrete clade within Western Bantu and that its centre of expansion is most likely situated to the north-east of the Lower Congo region (de Schryver et al. 2015 (forthcoming)). A recent interdisciplinary review of evidence from biogeography, palynology, geology, historical linguistics and archaeology has in its turn pointed out that a climate-induced opening of the Central-African forest block around 2500 BP – and not agriculture as is widely believed – was probably responsible for the rapid southward expansion of Bantu speech communities across the Equator (Bostoen et al. 2015). It favoured, among other things, the introduction of Bantu languages into the area north of the Malebo Pool on the Congo River in the approximate vicinity of the Batéké plateau, from where speakers of the KLC’s most common recent ancestor may have started to spread further west.

This tentative location of the KLC homeland to the north-east of the Lower Congo region is difficult to test archaeologically due to the paucity of excavations in that specific area. Moreover, it seems at odds with the currently available archaeological evidence within the Lower Congo area itself. In this paper, we have a closer look at the matches and mismatches between the linguistics and archaeology and what they tell on the expansion of early Bantu speech communities in the Lower Congo region.

We also consider how the earliest ceramic traditions relate to subsequent ceramic traditions and to which extent this can be correlated with evolution of language in the Lower Congo region. While no other language group than the KLC is present in the Lower Congo region, its ceramic sequence since 2700 BP clearly testifies to several clear-cut ruptures. If not with the spread of Bantu languages or the settlement of new Bantu speech communities, it remains to be established with which kind of historical developments these significant innovations in the ceramic production of the Lower Congo region can be linked. Phenomena such as political centralization, elite formation and economic integration certainly had an impact on the evolution of both language and material culture in this area which hosted the emblematic kingdom of the Kongo as well as several closely related polities and was pivotal in both regional and international trade networks. This makes the Lower Congo region a challenging area for archaeo-linguistic studies, such as those carried out by the KongoKing research group (see http://www.kongoking.org).

References

Bostoen, Koen, Bernard Clist, Charles Doumenge, Rebecca Grollemund, Jean-Marie Hombert, Joseph Koni Muluwa, and Jean Maley. 2015. Middle to Late Holocene Paleoclimatic Change and the Early Bantu Expansion in the Rain Forests of West Central-Africa. Current Anthropology 56 (3).

Clist, Bernard. 2005. Des premiers villages aux premiers européens autour de l'estuaire du Gabon : quatre millénaires d'interactions entre l'homme et son milieu. Thèse de doctorat, Université libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles.

de Maret, Pierre. 1986. The Ngovo Group: an Industry with Polished Stone Tools and Pottery in Lower-Zaïre. African Archaeological Review 4:103-133.

de Schryver, Gilles-Maurice, Rebecca Grollemund, Simon Branford, and Koen Bostoen. 2015 (forthcoming). Introducing a state-of-the-art phylogenetic classification of the Kikongo language cluster. Submitted for publication in Africana Linguistica 21.

Denbow, James. 2012. Pride, Prejudice, Plunder, and Preservation: Archaeology and the Re-envisioning of Ethnogenesis on the Loango coast of the Republic of Congo. Antiquity 86 (332):383-408.




lun. 15/06/2015 Multilingualism/SLI and Executive functioning
14h-16h
ISH, salle André Frossard
Conférence de :
  • Anne Baker (Universiteit van Amsterdam)

dans le cadre de l'axe Langage, Développement, Individu

Multilingualism/SLI and Executive functioning




mar. 16/06/2015 Atelier HELAN
14-15H30
ISH, salle A. Frossard

Paola Granado Columba La linguistique missionnaire


Contact...  


mar. 23/06/2015 Réunion Interne
Réunion DENDY
10h-12h
ISH
Contact...  


mar. 23/06/2015 Atelier des Methodes Phylogenetiques
9:30-11:30
ISH

In this session I will make an introduction to Bayesian phylogenetic methods and we will talk about priors and MCMC diagnostics.




mer. 24/06/2015 Répétition de conférence (RFP)

Étude d'un phonème peu commun (/tk/)
en bribri (Chibcha, Costa Rica)


Natacha Chevrier
10h30
Fernand Rude (sous-sol ISH)
Contact...  


ven. 26/06/2015 Séminaire DTT - Atelier Morphosyntaxe Denis Creissels
14h-16h
ISH, salle Albrecht

"Le principe du codage obligatoire et le changement linguistique" Le ‘principe du codage obligatoire’ rend compte des inventaires de cadres de codage possibles pour les verbes dans les langues qui, selon la terminologie courante, sont systématiquement accusatives ou ergatives dans le codage des arguments. Selon ce principe (qui correspond à ce que les générativistes appellent ‘obligatory case parameter’), tout cadre de codage dans une langue donnée doit inclure un terme dont le codage constitue le codage d’argument non marqué (ou par défaut) dans la langue en question. Ce codage non marqué (ou par défaut) peut être, soit celui qui caractérise l’argument A des verbes transitifs (langues à codage A obligatoire), soit celui qui caractérise l’argument P des verbes transitifs (langues à codage P obligatoire). Toutefois, les langues ayant des inventaires de cadres de codage possibles qui violent plus ou moins ce principe ne sont pas exceptionnelles. Dans ma présentation, j’examinerai les types d’évolutions pouvant avoir pour conséquence, soit un changement global affectant le principe du codage obligatoire, soit la diffusion progressive de cadres de codage non canoniques.


Contact... En savoir plus…


mar. 30/06/2015 Atelier des Methodes Phylogenetiques
9:30-11:30
ISH

In this last session, we will talk about how we can use phylogenetic trees for a variety of evolutionary and historical questions, such as divergence time estimation (dating), character evolution, ancestral state reconstruction etc. We will also briefly discuss ideas about next year (continue with more applied examples, maybe on our own data? journal club? bring your ideas!)




Remonter

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