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History and Ecology of Language and languages

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Internal Classification of the Cariban languages using phylogenetic methods

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Scientific framework and objectives

The Cariban family is one of the major families in South America, comprising 42 languages. Numerous conflicting hypotheses have been put forward regarding its internal classification (Durbin 1977, Kaufman 1994, Gildea 2012). Our current project is based on a 100-meaning wordlist from 36 varieties organized in cognate sets including items that have undergone semantic shift, which is analyzed with Bayesian phylogenetic methods.

Durbin, M. (1977). A survey of the Carib language family. In: E. Basso (ed.), Carib Speaking Indians, Culture, and Society, (23–38). Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
Kaufman, T. K. (1994). The native languages of South America. In: C. Mosely and R. E. Asher (eds.), Atlas of the World’s Languages, (46–76). New York: Routledge.
Gildea, S. (2012). Linguistic studies in the Cariban family. In L. Campbell & V. Grondona (eds.), The Indigenous Languages of South America: A Comprehensive Guide (441–494). De Gruyter Mouton.

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